On March 1, 1892 the special version of the pastry fork was patented by Ms. Anna M. Mangin. Designed to cut together butter and flour to create pie crusts and cookies, the pastry fork was a tool to use without involving your hands to physically manipulate the ingredients. The utensil could also be used to beat eggs and mash other food items.
Looks like an open slotted spatula huh? It was be made of iron, steel, wood or any other suitable material. The pastry fork allowed the ingredients to mix and pass through freely and was also designed to thoroughly cut and pulverize the dry pastry.
Luckily with the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863, African-Americans could finally receive patents on their inventions. So many never gained recognition for their achievements prior. Some never wanted to be identified, believing their nationality or sex would hinder the rise and success of their inventions.
Well, I am proud of my ancestors and their inventions, patented or not, named or unnamed. There are so many tools we use today because of them and I am forever baking-liciously thankful 🙂